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DISTANCE EDUCATION OF APPLIED DISCIPLINES AT TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

Naumenko Taisia

Head of Department

Bondarenko Iulia

PhD, as. professor, Head of Department

Bondarenko Maksym

PhD, as. professor, Head of Science and Research Institute

Cherkassy State Technological University

Cherkassy, Ukraine

 

DISTANCE EDUCATION OF APPLIED DISCIPLINES AT TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

 

Specificity of engineering education is that literature reading, doing of written works and even computer textbooks using are insufficient to create the necessary knowledge for future specialist. For this reason the educational process at technical universities in distance learning has combined nature. As for innovations in the educational process, they are primarily associated with the use of information and communication technologies and they suppose a students’ well-planned work with local and networked educational resources.

The relevance of this work is based on current experience generalization to propose the concept of formation and development of applied courses distance learning on an example of such system implementation in Cherkasy State Technological University.

There are many different platforms for development and support of distance learning courses today [1, 2]. The basis of distance learning at our university is MOODLE (http://moodle.org) – an open, free, certified and regularly updated development that provides opportunities for the educational process.

Distance learning system MOODLE is not directly designed to work with interactive models, tasks and facilities, but it can serve as a means of relevant training modules delivering for local computers for visual design and mathematical modeling. This provides the carrying out of virtual laboratory works and practical problem solving by students.

Through the use of modeling approach interactive tasks (the core of task is a mathematical model of the process, phenomena) many variations can be achieved.

The problems, in order to ensure their diversity and richness of content, are multiple-choice due to random factors: is not known in advance direct or reverse task is solving, how many objects does the system have, how are they located, what kind are their characteristics of, what coordinate system is proposed to write the equations in, how are external forces and fields directed, etc.

To ensure the quality of laboratory experiment simulation model should generate (choose from real data sets) different sets of parameters, that characterize the experimental conditions and, accordingly, sets the "measured" values (with the "noise" inclusion, where appropriate, that simulates the experimental error), and must have a high degree of interactivity that will provide adequate system response to user actions.

Thus, the model approach provides a new quality of distance form of education that ensures efficient development of professional competencies.
A significant number of publications are devoted to technologies development and methods of distance courses content implementation, e.g. [3]. At the same time discussions on the effectiveness of information and communication technologies in the study of applied disciplines (more precisely the conditions of their effective use) it is a matter of many scientific and methodological discussions.

Thus, distance learning of applied disciplines at technical university at the present stage of its development has advantages and disadvantages. The lack of logistical support is an obstacle to full implementation of mentioned forms of education, particularly in Ukraine. At the same time the experience of western education system shows that the introduction of distance education in our country is inevitable. It is only a matter of time and desire of the Ministry of Education and Science officials to lead the system of education in Ukraine to European standards

 

References

1.  Southwestern College Curriculum Committee Distance Education Handbook A Guide to Teaching Online at SWC, Southwestern college distance education, Fall 2015. – 36 p.

2.  Reich, J. (2015, January 2). Rebooting MOOC research: Improve assessment, data sharing and experimental design. Science Magazine, 347(6217), 34–35.

3.  Metodologicheskie aspekty provedenija nanometricheskih issledovanij v distancionnoj sisteme obrazovanija (Methodological aspects of nanometrical research conduction in distance education system) / Ju.Ju.Bondarenko, V.A.Andrienko, M.A.Bondarenko [i dr.] // Metodologicheskie aspekty skanirujushhej zondovoj mikroskopii:  X mezhdunar. konf., 13-16 nojabrja 2012: mater. dokl. – Minsk: Institut teplo- i massoobmena im.A.V.Lykova NAN Belarusi, 2012. – С. 115-120.

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